Jewish, Jewish, Everywhere, & not a drop to drink
Thursday, January 23, 2003
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an ongoing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. Both sides feel that they are the heirs of a long history, the Jews of Israel returning to their homeland after a 2,000 year exile, and the Muslims of Palestine maintaining that they have dwelt there for 1,500 years.This conflict is the main element in a larger Arab-Israeli conflict, which, in turn, is a part of the greater Middle East conflicts.
The area which Israelis and Palestinians are in conflict about is within the former British Mandate of Palestine, which today is defined by the borders of the State of Israel, the West Bank, Gaza and the Kingdom of Jordan. This area was originally ruled by Turkey from 1517 until 1917. In 1917 Britain's army took control of Palestine. The British government issued the Balfour Declaration, "viewing with favor" the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. In 1922 the British cut off the eastern three quarters of Palestine and created the Kingdom of Jordan. In 1948 the British departed, the State of Israel was declared in most of the western quarter of Palestine, and a number of Arab nations declared war against Israel. Israel won this war. All Arab nations rejected a 1947 plan by the United Nations for the partition of western Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Palestinian.
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